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interoperability of digital resources. Leona
Carpenter and Rachel Heery examine
OAI's value to the cultural heritage sector
and its likely impact.
T
he October 2002 issue of this
Newsletter included an article by
Hans Hofman (Senior Advisor at the
National Archives of the Netherlands) on
preservation metadata. In this issue Steve
Knight, Digital Library Transition
Co-ordinator at the National Library of
New Zealand, introduces the Metadata
Standards Framework.The schema, in
Steve Knight's words, aims `to strike a
balance between the principles of preserva-
tion metadata, as expressed through the
OAIS Model, and the practicalities of
implementing a working set of preserva-
tion metadata'. It makes a fundamental
contribution to the construction of preser-
vation metadata strategies.We would be
delighted to include articles from others in
the community on this topic.
C
ary Karp (Swedish Museum of
Natural History) examines the new
opportunities arising for the heritage com-
munity from changes to Internet top level
domain names. He charts the development
of the museum domain name and wonders
whether other ALM sectors should
respond to ICANN's forthcoming call and
put themselves forward as a candidate for a
new top level domain name. Would the
International Council of Archives (ICA) or
the International Federation of Library
Associations (IFLA) wish to press for
.archives or .library domains?
N
et-based delivery of information and
services is still in its infancy and the
shape of these future developments remains
unclear. We tend to hear a lot these days
about the Semantic Web (see forthcoming
DigiCULT Thematic Issue no. 3), but there
are other emerging technologies which
will prove to have a more immediate
impact on the functionality and usability of
DigiCULT
.
Info
2
2.3.1.12).This action line should lead to
`advanced systems and services that help
improve access to Europe's knowledge and
educational resources (including cultural
and scientific collections) and generate
new forms of cultural and learning
experiences.'The call for proposals closes
on the 24th of April 2003. Andrea
Mulrenin (Salzburg Research) summarises
the results of a concertation day which
Directorate-E of DG INFSO held on the
28th of January to examine the shape of
the research agenda for the cultural agenda
under the Sixth Framework Programme.
A
lice Grant introduces the CIMI XML
Schema for SPECTRUM that enables
museums to encode descriptive information
concerning objects in their care. The
Schema has successfully passed through its
testing phase and is now available for
comment.This development should be as
significant for the museum community as
earlier work led by Daniel Pitti to establish
EAD (Encoded Archival Description) was
for the archival community.
M
onica Greenan of ERPANET has
contributed a review of DSpace, an
open source digital repository toolkit
developed by MIT and Hewlett-Packard
to provide a platform to secure intellectual
output of researchers in academic institu-
tions. This preservation toolkit offers a
valuable resource for institutions.We hope
to follow this article in a future issue with
the results of an experiment that Monica is
co-ordinating into just how easy it is to
setup and configure a DSpace environment.
T
he proliferation of digital assets in
heritage institutions has brought
widespread availability of cultural resources
in digital form. Search engines alone do
not offer a solution to the discovery of
these resources and they do not address the
problem of interoperability between
resources.The Open Archives Initiative
(OAI) offers a mechanism to ensure the
A
s the note of the EVA held recently
in Moscow makes evident this series
of conferences continues to deliver a
forum to enable the exchange of ideas and
to stimulate discussion and collaborative
activities.The event, held in the splendid
surrounds of the Tretyakov Gallery, brought
together 700 participants to examine
digital imaging, electronic resources and
the visual arts. We briefly record the 18th
International CODATA Conference
(2002) and look forward to the publication
of the papers delivered at it; they were
among the highest quality papers we heard
at any conference this year.
S
ince pioneering researchers including
Father Roberto Busa, who shortly after
World War II convinced Thomas Watson at
IBM to supply technological know-how
for a concordance of the works of Thomas
Aquinas using punch cards and sorting
machines, and Spaulding, who demon-
strated in 1953 how computers could
enable the application of statistical tech-
niques to discover artefact types, the arts
and humanities have made increasing use
of computers to enable them to ask ques-
tions that were not feasible with traditional
research tools. David Green (NINCH) has
granted us permission to reprint his note
of a conference held in Washington DC in
January (2003) which reflected on the suc-
cessful applications of ICT to humanities
research and stressed the need for greater
collaboration between computing scientists
and humanists to ensure the creation of
the new generation of methods and tools
needed by humanities researchers.
O
n the 17th of December 2002 the
European Commission released the
first call for proposals under the Sixth
Framework RTD Programme. Of the pro-
gramme areas included in this call the one
which appears to best provide support
opportunities for the cultural heritage sec-
tor is Technology-enhanced Learning and
Access to Cultural Heritage (IST-2002-