background image
Selected Glossary
174
Term
Meaning
Appears in the
Section(s) on:
Graphics card
Additional hardware which improves the standard
graphical capabilities of a PC
Games
Technology
Haptics
Physical devices employing force-feedback to
give users the impression of actually touching/
manipulating a virtual object
Games
Technology,
Human
Interface Issues
Inductive
coupling
A method of transferring data or power between
RFID tags and readers based on inducing a current in
a coil (or antenna)
Smart Labels &
Smart Tags
Integrated
circuit (IC)
A micro-electronic semiconductor device consisting
of many interconnected transistors and other
components
Smart Labels &
Smart Tags
Lenticular
Changing appearance as light refl ects at different
angles
Smart Labels &
Smart Tags
Metadata
`Data about data', often crucial background
information
Digital Asset
Management
Modulation
Method of transmitting data converted into digital
form based on the change of the frequency or
amplitude of a wave
Smart Labels &
Smart Tags
Multimodal
Simultaneously stimulating a number of human senses Human
Interface Issues
Multiple
access
schemes
A general term for methods of increasing the amount
of data that can be transmitted within the same
frequency spectrum. Typically RFID readers use
Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), meaning
they read tags at different times to avoid interfering
with one another
Smart Labels &
Smart Tags
Off-the-shelf
A `one-size-fi ts-all' solution, primarily useful for
small-to-medium sized enterprises
Customer
Relationship
Management
Plug and play
Self-confi guring technology, requiring only minimal
effort from the user
Customer
Relationship
Management
Semi-passive
tag
Tags where the battery is used to power the
microchip's circuitry but not to communicate with
the reader
Smart Labels &
Smart Tags
Shutterglasses
A stereoscopic visual interface displaying a slightly
different image to each eye in rapid succession, thus
providing an illusion of three-dimensionality
Human
Interface Issues
Web-crawler
A program which automatically navigates its way
around the Web, gathering content from Web pages
Digital Asset
Management
WebDAV
Web-distributed Authoring and Versioning, a set of
extensions to HTTP which allows users to edit and
manage fi les collaboratively on remote Web servers
Digital Asset
Management