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DigiCULT
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applications of digital technologies to
philological disciplines, possibly accompa-
nied by training courses for the beginners
in the field.Without any doubt the event
increased the feeling of attendees that
they belong together and face similar
problems. It also gave practical and work-
ing answers to some of the questions
raised, which will reach a larger group of
scholars through a special volume of
Linguistica Computazionale, a publication
of ILC in Pisa, where some of the subjects
discussed at the Euro conference could
bbe developed.
CONFERENCE TO PREPARE NEW
INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS
First International Conference of employers and
LIS school teachers (University of Parma,
24-25 November 2003)
I
n an international context, this First
International Conference collected
employers', staff 's and students' perceptions
and expectations of education and training
needs for the digital environment.
I
t aimed to reflect upon and share ideas
and best practices related to preparing
information professionals for the hybrid
digital library and in an international
labour market. How can employers afford
the re-qualification and continuing educa-
tion needs of information professionals in
the digital environment? How are Library
& Information Science (LIS) schools, after
the Bologna Declaration, planning for bet-
ter employability of new information pro-
fessionals? What are the best practices of
LIS schools worldwide to prepare them in
the digital environment?
editor to evaluate the relationships of
traditional hand-written text and to
represent it using bi- or tri-dimensional
graphic technologies?
How can linguistic analysis (morpholo-
gy, lexicon, etc.) together with the
assistance of computational systems
(morphological and morpho-syntactic
analysers, lemmatisers and lexical data-
bases, etc.) effectively contribute to the
study of text?'
T
hese and other questions, that could
be raised by any of us, are in fact a
stimulating research path for a scholar who
has, on the one hand, consolidated tradi-
tion and methodology and, on the other, a
series of surprisingly efficient technological
possibilities.
O
ne common concern, especially for
the younger participants in the
forum, was how they could receive system-
atic and regular training in this field where
frameworks change at an incredible pace.
Another important question raised is what
actually shapes this community of scholars
working in the field of digital philology.
The current diversity of problems and
approaches should somehow form clearer
frameworks in the community, and such
forums have the important role of support-
ing this process.
T
he excellent work of the conference
chair, Andrea Bozzi from ILC (Pisa),
and Vice Chair, Jean-Louis Lebrave from
ITEM (Paris), and the financial support of
the conference sponsors made possible the
balanced participation of experienced and
young researchers with various interests in
the field combined with specialists from
associated countries of the EC.This made
of the conference an inspiring forum,
which will hopefully be the first in a
sequence of events. Let us express our
wish that this idea will find further sup-
port and will grow as a regular meeting
place for the community working on
`I
n my opinion, today computational
philologists (in the strict sense of the
term) have superior technological
resources available compared with their
colleagues working during the pioneering
phase.The resources I refer to include dig-
ital technology, computer programs and in
particular interconnectivity offered by the
Internet.
W
e can only hope to have con-
tributed to the development and
advancement of a multi-secular discipline
if, on one hand, we get rid of the usual
prejudices that go hand in hand with
novelty especially if it is closely tied with
technological development and, on the
other hand, if approaches and strategies
that are truly considered useful for third
millennium philology are clearly indicat-
ed.Therefore this means that we must
answer a series of questions, including:
To what point is digital image repro-
duction capable of offering an alternative
reading to that of the original or facsim-
ile editions?
To what point can critical edition
information recorded in a database
contribute to facilitating constitutio
textus?
What sectors, traditionally considered
part of the philological discipline (epig-
raphy, papyrology, medieval philology,
ancient printed text philology, musical
philology, genetic criticism, etc.), can
effectively be enhanced by computer
elaboration techniques?
In what situations can the electronic
edition be considered preferable to the
paper edition and what are the situations
where an electronic edition must substi-
tute a paper one?
How can Web-based textual archives be
of effective assistance to a critical editor?
How can hypertextual instruments be
used in philological disciplines for
research and/or didactics?
How can clustering techniques and
visualisation of information assist an