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DigiCULT
.
Info
6
information and made it more appealing
to the public. Physical and chemical char-
acteristics were, however, still interesting
only to a limited number of researchers.
Images combined with historical excerpts
in the form of digital catalogues became
the standard in promoting private collec-
tions and museums. Catalogues with deep-
er descriptions and scientific facts were also
used for educational purposes and typolog-
ical research. Multimedia brought a new
era with virtual worlds. Relatively simple
catalogues, enriched with video and graph-
ics, were transformed into virtual muse-
ums, while multimedia databases offer a
multitude of information.Yet this wealth of
information remains, to a great extent,
bound to 2D media.
G
reat advances in 3D technologies
offer new opportunities to record
every detail of cultural heritage in high
precision, and to present it in a more
reading to narration.The introduction of
these `supplements' made the communicat-
ed information more objective, enduring
and precise. Further technological advances
like typography and photography have
since been used to expedite the process.
M
ore recently, the advent of new
technologies and their applications
have radically altered the way information
is stored, archived, retrieved and presented.
The enormous impact this could have on
the registration, documentation, presenta-
tion and, ultimately, preservation of cultural
heritage was appreciated and explored
early on. Systematic recording of the phys-
ical and chemical characteristics, typologi-
cal description, and historical information
of cultural objects led to the first databases,
mainly for research purposes.
D
igitisation of 2D images of the
objects enriched the stored textual
N
ESTOR
C. T
SIRLIGANIS
,
F
OTIS
A
RNAOUTOGLOU
,
A
NESTIS
K
OUTSOUDIS
,
G
EORGE
P
AVLIDIS
,
C
HRISTODOULOS
C
HAMZAS
C
ULTURAL AND
E
DUCATIONAL
T
ECHNOLOGY
I
NSTITUTE
, G
REECE
3
D ArchGIS is an experimental applica-
tion that attempts to implement the
capabilities and promises that new tech-
nologies bring to the field of documenta-
tion and preservation of cultural heritage.
It enables scientists to map and browse
physicochemical information on the sur-
face of 3D scanned archaeological arte-
facts. In addition, it is a Web oriented
application that provides functionality and
features not commonly available from sim-
ilar applications.The aim is to develop a
flexible and user-friendly tool for combin-
ing and displaying various data types
alongside 3D models in some respects, an
online GIS tool for objects of any size and
shape, from a ceramic fragment to an
archaeological site.
P
reservation and dissemination of cul-
tural heritage has always satisfied a
multitude of psychological, aesthetic, social
and political ambitions of humanity.The
aspiration of the human race to dominate
time was manifested early on with a gen-
uine and ardent attempt to record, preserve
and spread its present achievements and its
cultural heritage.Vision, memory and nar-
ration were the original means used to
serve this purpose, and remained basically
unalterable until the revolution that
accompanied the addition of writing to
vision, stone and paper to memory, and
3D-A
RCH
GIS: A
RCHIVING
C
ULTURAL
H
ERITAGE
IN A
3D M
ULTIMEDIA
S
PACE
Figure 1. 3D ArchGIS plugin
3D
Arc
hGIS
,
2003