background image
and international projects for research and
technological development. He is a member
of the UNESCO Memory of the World30
programme Advisory Sub-Committee on
Technology, author of multiple papers
and presentations and an experienced lec-
turer who has provided training in vari-
ous countries including those funded by
OSI Training Centers Initiative (Kazakhstan,
Moldova, Mongolia, Ukraine, and Serbia).
n the series of lectures, a variety of digi-
tisation issues and processes were dis-
cussed. Presentations focused on three
major topics:
1. Strategic issues of digitisation such as
defining the need for digital access to
cultural heritage, establishing long-term
strategy and a digitisation `philosophy'.
2. An overview of digital imaging, cover-
ing a variety of image formats, compres-
sion techniques, current imaging hard-
ware and software and its critical evalua-
3. Metadata creation techniques, platforms
and underlying issues.
ll the material was illustrated by expe-
rience from projects in the National
Library of Czech Republic and its partners,
the results of research by Knoll and his col-
o summarise the experience of par-
ticipants and track the state of the
art in digitisation, the attendees complet-
ed questionnaires. The answers revealed a
high appreciation of the event and of the
competence of the lecturer. However, it
became clear that there is a lack of training
and information flow between institutions
involved in digitisation. The results of ques-
tionnaire analysis clearly showed the need
for digitisation training initiatives focusing
on specific topics and issues and aimed at
developing practical skills.
Copyright protection
On 19 February 2004, the Lithuanian
Minister of Culture Roma Zakaitiene ini-
tiated a discussion about copyright protec-
tion in the new digital environment. The
main topic of the event was the issue of
providing a reward to authors for the use
of their creative works for personal pur-
poses. Representatives from Parliament
Committees of Education, Information
Society Development, INFOBALT
Association, Lithuanian Association of Art
and other organisations took part in the
discussion. Participants emphasised the
importance of the Copyright Law (1999)
and Regulation on author reward for audi-
ovisual or phonogram works' reproduc-
tion for personal usage (which came into
force on 1 January 2004) for effective pro-
tection of copyright in Lithuania and suc-
cessful implementation of European legal
norms. 31
New activities
Having completed successful projects on
electronic publishing of cultural content in
2003, Lithuanian museums are planning to
undertake new initiatives. The Association of
Lithuanian Museums (http://www.museums.
lt/Index_En.htm) has launched a signifi-
cant activity programme for 2004-2005. A
working group was established for the crea-
tion of the Literary Lithuania portal, which
aims to provide comprehensive informa-
tion on literary life in Lithuania and the
cultural heritage of Lithuanian writers pre-
served in the state libraries, museums and
archives. Experts from Lithuanian museums,
the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics,
and the Information Centre of Samogitian
Cultural Association will contribute towards
the implementation of the project.
he Lithuanian Art Museum (http:// is implementing
Research, Conservation and Restoration
of Museum Assets in Lithuania. An inter-
active electronic database, regularly updat-
ed and maintained by museum experts,
is an expected outcome of the initia-
tive. These plans will hopefully be real-
ised in the future, and today Lithuanian
citizens and tourists are already enjoy-
ing digital representations of cultur-
al assets held in Lithuanian museums. In
30 For more about Memory of the World, see the inter-
view with UNESCO's Aziz Abid, also in this issue of
31 Information source: `In the face of new technologies it
is necessary to safeguard copyright', Minister of Culture
states. Ministry of Culture Press release, 19 February
2004: (in
Participants at the Vilnius digitisation course with A. Knoll (third from the
left in the first row)