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Rights Management and
Payment Technologies
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She also wonders whether or not it will be possible to make this shift without com-
promising the services offered to existing patrons.To a certain extent, libraries are social
spaces as well as information storage repositories, and this role should not be undermined.
The librarian has monitored the progress of experimental digital repositories such as
DAEDALUS and RoMEO,
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which allow the self-archiving of materials. It would be
interesting, she thinks, to allow library users to self-submit their experiences of life at
the university in a standard format, treating this as a pilot project which could lay the
foundation for a larger, and eventually interoperable and remotely searchable repository
for academic papers.This would be a valuable addition, both to the library and to the
university community as a whole.
Naturally the moderation of such a project is something which is of concern, and the
librarian is determined that the project should not become merely an opportunity for
`e-graffiti'. Other issues that concern her are the costs and practicalities of ongoing staff
training, data backup, and the cost of equipment and expertise. Only through proper
costing of these areas will the library be able to meet the digital age on its own terms,
while at the same time broadening the range of services it offers to users.What is
absolutely certain is that the digital library concept can no longer be ignored.
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A d v a n t a g e s a n d D i s a d v a n t a g e s
Introduction and Ethical Considerations
Although much has been written about the potential benefits of DRM technologies,
there remain some serious issues attached to rights management software, and its poten-
tial implications for the heritage and educational sectors in particular. If abused, DRM
policies may threaten the privacy of the user, and the continued `fair use' of materials for
legitimate educational purposes may be put at risk.
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This is something that will be of
particular concern for all involved in the heritage sector, given the prominence with
236 http://www.lib.gla.ac.uk/daedalus/; http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/ls/disresearch/romeo
237 For further advice and real-life examples, see The DigiCULT Report:Technological Landscapes for Tomorrow's
Cultural Economy, pp. 156-161,"Exploitation of Library Services". See also the special `Economic Factors of
Digital Libraries' issue of the Journal of Digital Information Management, available online at:
http://jodi.ecs.soton.ac.uk/?vol=4&iss=2; Digital Library Development Review, National Library of
New Zealand (Wellington, 2003), http://www.natlib.govt.nz/files/ross_report.pdf
238 See Mairéad Martin,"Digital Rights Management in Research & Education" (2001):
www.doit.wisc.edu/architecture/drm/DRM-WISC.ppt and Christopher May,"Digital rights management
and the breakdown of social norms" in First Monday, vol. 8, no.11, November 2003:
http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue8_11/may/index.html
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