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The XML Family
of Technologies
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followed the times and morphed into a schema.
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This work has since been taken up by
mda
,
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and when finished they hope that it will `ensure that the museum community's
XML products can work with related XML work from the archive and research commu-
nities'.
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This is another example of the assistance XML can offer for the exchange and
interoperability of materials within discrete (and sometimes overlapping) communities.
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The case studies featured here provide an in-depth and otherwise unavailable insight
into a variety of applications of XML in the cultural heritage sector, from large-scale
EC-funded projects such as COVAX, through Pouce's smart use of collaborative strategy
and pooled resources, to the Swiss Federal Archives' AMDA audio metadata management
project, which produced a bespoke application.
Case Studies
Pouce (Portails Collectifs Culturel)
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Pouce
is the final stage
of a three-part investigation
into the potential of using
XML to facilitate a method-
ology for supporting the
cataloguing of collections at
medium-sized museums.
The first stage was a study,
which took place between
1999 and 2000, examining
the collections management
requirements of small to
medium-sized museums,
and preparing a method for compiling digital inventories.The second stage was the
Heritage Net
project.This produced a software prototype of the digital inventory
method.The European Commission contributed approximately
60,000 for the first
two stages, and
120,000 for Pouce.
The Pouce project's Museolog tool
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was conceived with two distinct purposes in mind:
as a Web architecture, application server, and database management tool for small to
medium-sized museums; and as a semantic, collective cultural portal for viewing the digi-
tised holdings of multiple museums simultaneously.
The Museolog technical architecture consists of an Apache
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Web server running the
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http://www.cimi.org/wg/xml_spectrum/xml_CFP.html
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http://www.mda.org.uk
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http://www.cimi.org/wg/xml_spectrum/xml_long_desc.html
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Of course, communities with overlapping interests cause the most difficulties for interoperability.
Communities with no shared vocabulary can easily be mapped to one another, but when two or more
subject areas use similar terminology for appreciably different concepts then the problems really begin.
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This case study is based on a telephone interview with Michel Texier of Valoris, and on materials available
on the Web. All material is referenced in footnotes.The interview took place on 13/03/2003. Pouce:
http://pouce.valoris.com:8080/pouce/docs/PagesPouce/WebPageDescribingPouceV3.htm.Valoris:
http://www.valoris.com
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Museolog: http://museolog.unesco.kz:8080/museolog/index.jsp
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http://www.apache.org/
P
ouce
A sample Pouce record in XML
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