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10 DigiCULT
R
EFERENCE
P
OINTS
, A
IMS
AND
S
COPE
OF
THE
R
OADMAP
M
AJOR
R
EFERENCE
P
OINTS
T
he DigiCULT roadmapping exercise has a
number of major reference points, in particu-
lar the Information Society Technologies (IST) prior-
ity of the EU-funded R&D Framework Programmes
(FP6: 2002-2006, and also FP7 and beyond). As out-
lined in its priority documents, its overall objectives
are `to ensure European leadership in the generic and
applied technologies at the heart of the knowledge
economy. It aims to increase innovation and compet-
itiveness in European businesses and industry and to
contribute to greater benefits for all European cit-
izens.' Furthermore, the EU-funded research and
technological development (RTD) activities should
`reinforce and complement the eEurope 2005 objec-
tives and look beyond them to the 2010 goals of the
Union of bringing IST applications and services to
everyone, every home, every school and to all busi-
nesses'.
3
The focus of IST in FP6 is stated in terms of the
IST Advisory Group's vision of `ambient intelligence',
i.e. `the future generation of technologies in which
computers and networks will be integrated into the
everyday environment, rendering accessible a multi-
tude of services and applications through easy-to-use
human interfaces. This vision of "ambient intelli-
gence" places the user, the individual, at the centre
of future developments for an inclusive knowledge-
based society for all.'
4
A condensed formula of this
vision is anywhere, anytime, natural and enjoyable
access to IST services for all.
An impression of the IST priority's aims may be
obtained by comparing the vision for IST in the
Sixth Framework Programme with what forms some
of today's general basis in the use of information and
communications technologies (see table).
W
HY
A
C
ULTURAL
H
ERITAGE
RTD
R
OADMAP
?
T
he main benefit of RTD roadmapping is that
it gives cues for RTD investment decisions by
identifying critical research strands, current limitations
and gaps, and ways to leverage RTD investments
by coordinating research activities. Furthermore, it
may help demonstrate promising directions of RTD
and related activities, and methods for monitoring
progress along the way. The objective of the Digi-
CULT roadmap is to produce representations of pos-
sible achievements in several RTD areas over the next
10 to 15 years, and to specify in some detail how the
related RTD challenges could be addressed.
IST today
The IST in FP6 vision
PC based
"Our surrounding" is the interface
"Writing and reading"
Use all senses, intuitive
"Word" based information search
Context-based knowledge handling
Low bandwidth, separate networks
Infinite bandwidth, convergence, ...
Mobile telephony (voice)
Mobile/Wireless full multimedia
Micro scale
Nano-scale
Silicon based
+ new materials
e-Services just emerging
Wide adoption (eHealth, Learning,..)
< 10% of world population on-line
World-wide adoption
Source: IST priority, Work Programme 2003-2004, p. 7.
3
IST priority, Work
Programme 2003-2004
(p. 5), ftp://ftp.cordis.
lu/pub/ist/docs/wp2003-
04_final_en.pdf, cf. also IST
priority, Work Programme
2005-2006, and the further
documents available at
http://www.cordis.
lu/ist/workprogramme/
fp6_workprogramme.htm;
for information on the
eEurope 2005 Action Plan,
see http://europa.eu.int/
information_society/
eeurope/index_en.htm
4
IST priority, Work
Programme 2003-2004
(p. 5), with reference to
the ISTAG report
Ambient
Intelligence Scenarios for
2010, http://www.cordis.
lu/ist/istag-reports.htm
DCTHI7_271104.indd 10
06.12.2004 8:36:24 Uhr