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valuable material that is traditionally spread among several institutions.The public's interest
in this area was another reason for selecting local history.The project was initiated by the
Directorate for Public Libraries and covers seven local projects. (cf. Hindal, Moseid, 2001)
While archives, libraries and museums have their own organisational characteristics, one
might expect that the technological development and the requirements to guarantee
effective cross-sectoral information access and delivery will compel them to co-operate.
Another, maybe stronger factor, seems to be scarcity of resources. Results from the
DigiCULT Online Delphi indicate that experts see this as an important driving force for
working together more intensively. 51 experts responded to the statement "Scarcity of
resources will be a driving force for more collaboration between cultural institutions", of
whom 38 said yes, 4 no, and 9 not clear.
This factor is made even more critical, when the funding for new projects is tied to the
involvement of institutions across sectors. Birgit Henriksen, Head of the Digitisation and
Web Department, Royal Library, Copenhagen, mentioned that this is one line of the Danish
policy in the cultural sector:"Funding is a way of stressing these things in Denmark.The
three ministries, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Research, the Ministry of
Education have pooled some of their money and the institutions can seek funding for their
projects, but they cannot go it alone, they have to co-operate with some of the others. (...)
If you want to take part in the projects you have to be able to co-operate and make cross-
sector projects.This is the way things work in Denmark, and for the moment I think it is
the only way that you can pressure the institutions to do it, because they are cut down on
their budgets so they cannot finance their projects from their own budget, they have to go
for external money." (DigiCULT ERT, Berlin, July 5, 2001)
The DigiCULT navigator to co-operation capital
Developing co-operation capital is one main key to success for cultural heritage
institutions in the networked environment. Co-operation provides many general advantages
for institutions as for example gaining strength in negotiations with other cultural sector
players or reaching new users groups.The DigiCULT-study in particular highlights the
importance of co-operation in creating value added services and rich environments for
broader user groups as well as fostering more cross-domain co-operation of cultural
heritage institutions.
Co-operation in creating value added services and rich environments for broader
user groups
Co-operation is central to unlocking online the value of cultural heritage resources for
broader user groups. For these user groups not masses of "raw data" (digitised objects and
basic documentation) are needed but enriched, interactive environments and packaged
material (e.g. course material that fit into the curriculum).
At the basic level this demands the creation of metadata that includes elaborated
descriptions of objects that can be integrated in contextualising structures, e.g. historical
concepts and narration. For the creation of such data and structures targeted initiatives,
programs and projects are required to form collaborations between the relevant expert
communities.
In building attractive and involving online as well as in-house digital environments
project groups are needed that include subject matter experts and scholars as well as
specialists in interactive multimedia design and production.Ways to build such groups are in
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VII ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE