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Summary
AMICO shows that through strategic institutional collaboration, a joint digital repository
of high quality digitised resources can be built. Providing a new asset for the participants
and valuable resource for scholarly and educational users.
A key element of this example of best practice is the multi-tiered partnership and
licensing model that involves creators and owners of digital surrogates of cultural heritage
resources as well as distributors and licensees that cater to target user groups.
As with other examples where resources are aggregated and catered to educational user
groups, a need for suggesting particular usages was perceived and addressed by AMICO (e.g.
model assignments for studio art and art history courses are provided).
Developing protected environments
Many major institutions regard intellectual property laws as an obstacle for access to
cultural heritage resources. However, under certain well defined prerequisites, a workable
solution has been found to allow for access to high value resources. Such a solution
demands:
to make a clear distinction between commercial versus scholarly and educational
uses,
to come to an agreement with resource holders that respects their rights and allows
them to provide their resources for non-commercial uses,
usually such an agreement will grant perpetual, non-exclusive rights to aggregate
materials and distribute them electronically for scholarly and educational uses,
these uses have to be located within protected environments and allowed only
under well-defined licences.
This approach of a "walled garden" or protected environment is advocated by SCRAN
(see case study), but also for example by the Mellon Foundation that supports exemplary
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VII ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE
Creator
Compiler
Warehouse
Wholesale
Licensee
University
Museum
Public Library
State Agency
Distributor
Value-added
Reseller
Licensee
Retailer
User
Consumer
Museum
AMICO
RLG
OCLC
AMN
CHIN
Faculty
Staff
Visitor
Student
Museum
AMICO
AMICO
Distributor
Distributor
Licensee
AMICO
Licensee
Licensee
User
Membership
Agreement
Contract
Subscriptions
terms
AMICO
License
Intellectual
Property
Guidelines
Roles
Examples
Relationships
Document
Types
Source: AMICO Licensing Model, 2001