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which could set up a service centre supplying services with the targeted funding.This
would allow public funding to sustain specific non-commercial areas." (DigiCULT
Interview, September 2, 2001)
Results from the DigiCULT Online Delphi indicate that many experts in the cultural
heritage field confirm the need for supportive infrastructures.The participants were asked to
react to the following statement:"Most cultural institutions will only be able to adapt to the
electronic environment with the help of a supportive infrastructure (set up by trusted third
parties)". Of 51 experts who responded, 36 said yes, 4 no, and 11 not clear.
A supportive infrastructure can of course be many things including: A cultural network
showcasing institutions, a digitisation centre, an e-commerce platform, etc. Here an
overview of access points to cultural heritage is provided that range from low to highly
integrated networks.
The above overview of cultural networks includes very different types of organisational
forms. For example the CultureNet Denmark is driven by a small and highly active
secretariat (see the case study in the part on policies & initiatives), while SCRAN is a
registered charity that owns an IT company limited by guarantee. All bring value to the
cultural heritage community although to a different degree that depends on the complexity
of features and services they provide.
VII ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE
Are centrally co-ordinated "networks" of digitised
cultural artefacts, collated from a number of
participating organisations, all directly accessible.
Provide "deep linkage" and e-learning facilities.
High Level Comlexity Cultural Networks
Medium Level Complexity Cultural Networks
Low-Medium Level Complexity Cultural Networks
Low Level Complexity Cultural Networks
Offer a significant amount of cultural content
that is not fully integrated in the portal, i.e. at a
certain level users need to leave it and access the
website of the content owner.
Offer a central access point to a selection of
institutional websites as well as own content and
features: news, articles, bulletin board, discussion
groups etc. Do not offer cultural heritage resources
(e.g. digital images) but refer to it.
Serve as central access points to a selection of
institutional website, i.e. provide a search engine
or link lists and serve as jump-page. Offer no or
only very limited own content.
Le
v
el of c
omplexit
y
high
lo
w
Source: Salzburg Research, 2001
Access Points to Cultural Heritage
Examples
Scottish Cultural Resources
Network (SCRAN)
www.scran.ac.at
Picture Australia
www.pictureaustralia.org
KulturNet Denmark
http://www.kulturnet.dk
24Hour Museum, UK
www.24hourmuseum.org.uk
L'Internet Culturel, France
www.portail.culture.fr
Austrianmuseums.net
www.austrianmuseums.net
CultureNet Canada
www.culturenet.ca