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26
IV SITUATION ANALYSIS
Cultural Sector
1996
Deregulation of telecom
monopolies has positive effect
on consumer markets
Expectations for new
employment opportunities
are high
Multimedia and IT-skills can
provide higher-value jobs
Favourable investment climate
Easy access to venture capital
Policy did not have to pay for
deregulation
Fast technological development
expected: from (narrow band)
internet to broadband, video on
demand, interactive digital TV,
etc.
Cultural Heritage Sector
2001
Regulations for born-digital
objects needed, i.e. in the area
of IPR and regulation of
e-deposit
Overall % of growth relatively
low for cultural industries, and
particularly for cultural heritage
sector
Dramatic lay-offs in the
IT-sector
Threat for maintaining the
scale of employment in
cultural heritage institutions
Cultural industry: much
money spent, but no return
on investment
Cultural institutions depend
for 90-95% on public funding
that is decreasing
Threat of "sale" of potentially
profitable cultural heritage
resources. (e.g. Corbis)
Less money for cultural
heritage institutions but more
tasks to accomplish
Technologies with no
marketable applications yet
Broadband still not available
(and not requested) in private
homes
Cultural Heritage Sector
2006
Regulation for scientific and
educational uses (framework to
create protected environments)
Legislation that regulates the
responsibilities for born digital
resources is in place
Overall, a slight job increase in
the cultural industries; increasing
interest from Member States,
decreasing interest at EU-level
Cultural heritage sector: job
opportunities are still low, but
can be stimulated by investing in
cultural industries that make use
of cultural heritage collections
The number of administrative
staff has decreased, but by re-
training staff cultural heritage
institutions succeed in increasing
the number of highly skilled,
creative employees
Pragmatic ventures: clear under-
standing of return on investment
Still 85-90% public financing
Professional fundraising and
sponsor acquisition are widely
used ways for cultural heritage
institutions to obtain additional
finances
Broad use of narrowband
technologies (inclusive mobile
for applications with clear
cultural heritage value); in some
countries, broadband available
inprivate homes, while in other
countries,"islands" of use
(on site)
Regulations
Economic and Financial issues
Delivery Infrastructure
Employment opportunities