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The group requested a survey by the DigiCULT
Secretariat of research projects and case studies over the
last three years.Annemieke de Jong suggested the survey
should concentrate on subjects she had looked for in the
past and rarely found, things like interactivity, multi-
Address the Challenges Cooperatively
`The importance of maintaining the viability and accessi-
bility of digital objects over the long term underscores the
need to develop infrastructure in support of these objectives.
Given the many shared challenges associated with digital
preservation, preservation metadata among them, there is
tremendous scope to address these challenges co-operatively
... to advance the imperative of preserving digital objects
over the long term.'
Preservation Metadata and the OAIS Information Model: A
Metadata Framework to Support the Preservation of Digital Objects.
OCLC/RLG Working Group on Preservation Metadata,
June 2002.
http://www.oclc.org/research/pmwg/pm_framework.pdf
Short Time Horizons on Authenticity
`A great deal of technology and infrastructure now being deployed
will be useful in managing integrity and authenticity over time.
However, these developments are being driven by commercial require-
ments with short time horizons in areas such as authentication, electro-
nic commerce, electronic contracting, and management and control of
digital intellectual property.'
Clifford A. Lynch, Authenticity and Integrity in the Digital Environment:
An Exploratory Analysis of the Central Role of Trust. Washington, DC:
Council on Library and Information Resources, 2000.
http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub92/lynch.html
18
DigiCULT
`MAKE CONCLUSIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS'
T
he DigiCULT Forum discussions preceded
the OCLC/RLG Working Group by a
month, but the two gatherings reached the
same conclusion ... co-operation is needed between
study groups. OCLC/RLG published their report in
June
5
acknowledging the `tremendous scope' to
addressing co-operatively challenges of digital preser-
vation, especially development of metadata protocols.
The DigiCULT experts discussed the RLG's
earlier report on Trusted Digital Repositories
6
, the
Australian Victorian Electronic Recordkeeping
System (VERS)
7
, InterPARES
8
, and the project
Prism at Cornell University.
9
The group wanted a survey of these and other
reports and initiatives with which the Forum could
collaborate. Members considered they should be bet-
ter informed on existing study infrastructures like the
European Commission-backed digital libraries net-
work DELOS
10
, the ERPANET project
11
and
MoReq specifications
12
, and the German state
Nordrhein-Westphalia's VERA Project
13
, an
Internet-based archives administration project.
Group members asked also for the inclusion of
projects implementing long-term access to digital
collections based on the U.S. Reference Model for an
Open Archival Information System (OAIS) that has been
adopted as an international standard ISO 14721:2002.
Hans Hofman suggested that such a collaborative
effort should `make available knowledge of what is
happening in all these institutions'. He said: `Every-
body who is doing something in the area of digital
preservation and authenticity should be involved and
should be connected to that network to help identify
research issues and solutions, as we have today.We have
shown how difficult it is to identify those issues.'
He said the Forum had identified a need for greater
archival influence at the moment of the creation of
digital objects. Now the group had to identify where
it would work.
Luciana Duranti agreed it would work in public
environments. `People I have spoken to in the library
field who are publishers etc, do want guidelines on
how to do the things right.You cannot impose them
on them, but they would be very glad if you gave
them criteria because they do have a problem at the
source, at the creation of the digital works.'
Other delegates thought some of this guidance was
already available from standards, notably the International
Standards Organization's Records Management work,
ISO15489.
5
Preservation Metadata and
the OAIS Information Model:
A Metadata Framework to
Support the Preservation of
Digital Objects. OCLC/RLG
Working Group on Preservation
Metadata, June 2002
http://www.oclc.org/research/
pmwg/pm_framework.pdf.
Photo: Beeld en Geluid