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media, audio-visual objects and `complete digital
resources'. Case studies should be selected according
to the types of digital objects the archives preserved `so
that the object is the criteria, not the institution itself '.
Dr Thibodeau described a `very strongly argued'
paper by Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)
Executive Director Clifford A. Lynch
14
asserting that
digital authenticity depended on trust.The
DigiCULT survey should include `two aspects of the
trust issue'. He identified these as:`What are the major
factors that drive trust decisions, a willingness to
place faith in person or institution or solution, that
apply in the digital world. And secondly what are the
risks entailed with that, those acts of faith.'
It all added up to a lot of work for Forum Secretary,
John Pereira, and his Salzburg Research colleagues
before the second DigiCULT Forum in Essen, Germany,
in September 2002. But at the end of the long, long
day, he was still smiling and continuing to ask delega-
tes: `Is this something we should add to the list?'
Moderator Hans Hofman, reviewing the forum
DigiCULT 19
6
Trusted Digital Repositories:
Attributes and Responsibilities.
Mountain View, CA: RLG and
OCLC, May 2002.
http://www.rlg.org/longterm/
repositories.pdf.
7
Victorian Electronic
Recordkeeping System.
Melbourne: Public Record
Office,Victoria, Australia, 1999.
http://www.prov.vic.gov.au/
vers/standards/pros9907/
99-7-2s2.htm.
8
InterPARES: International
Research on Permanent
Authentic Records in
Electronic Systems,
http://www.interpares.org.
9
Prism, http://www.library.
cornell.edu/iris/
research/prism/
10
DELOS Network of
Excellence on Digital
Libraries, http://delos-
noe.iei.pi.cnr.it/.
11
ERPANET, European
Resource Preservation and
Access Network,
http://www.erpanet.org/.
12
MoReq, Model
Requirements for the manage-
ment of electronic documents
and records management
systems,
http://www.cornwell.co.uk/
moreq.pdf.
13
Frank M. Bischoff:
Staatsarchiv Münster, Das
Projekt VERA in Nordrhein-
Westfalen: Nutzung der
Internettechnologie für die
Erschließung und archivüber-
greifende Verwaltung der
Bestände. Munster, NRW.
http://www.uni-marburg.de/
archivschule/bischoff.pdf
14
Clifford A. Lynch:
Authenticity and Integrity in
the Digital Environment: An
Exploratory Analysis of the
Central Role of Trust.
Washington, DC: Council on
Library and Information
Resources, 2000.
http://www.clir.org/pubs/
reports/pub92/lynch.html.
debate, commented afterwards:`The discussion showed
that the notion of authenticity is still a difficult subject
that is being interpreted differently by people with
different backgrounds and different perceptions.
There was some agreement, however, that the creator,
the preserver and the user each play important roles in
identifying and maintaining the authenticity of digital
objects be they records, publications or audiovisual
material. It was also clear that ensuring authenticity
starts at the creation of the digital object itself.'
He thought that the concept of authenticity was still
seen as confusing. He said: `It is difficult to get hold
of, let alone to approach or deal with it.The Forum
asked for a survey of existing initiatives that try to deal
with the preservation of digital objects to discover
how they approach the notion of authenticity. It was
emphasised that closer collaboration between different
disciplines or communities is necessary, with a more
prominent role for the archival community and its
perception of authenticity. So the final word has not
yet been spoken on this issue.'