background image
T
he various departments within Sound and
Vision still use different cataloguing
systems. In the future, those different systems
have to be more closely related, sharing at least the
same metadata schemes and thesauri. Implementing
these changes have to be done incrementally.The
catalogue needs to be accessible to clients seven days
a week, from early in the morning to late at night.
Material for news items sometimes have to be deliv-
ered within minutes, so an `under construction' sign
is unacceptable. An advantage of incremental alterna-
tion is the possibility to implement temporarily the
agreements made in the discussions on international
standardisation issues. Possibilities to test new theo-
ries are provided in this process. A clear disadvantage,
more on the organisational level, is the psychological
impact on employees who have to work with fre-
quently changing systems.The workflow basically
consists of acquisition, conservation/preservation and
access.
Various publications on audiovisual research are
issued in the form of annual reports, press releases,
books and guides. Students and researchers have the
possibility to access part of the archive with help of
digital catalogues.This still has to be done within the
premises of the institute and copying of the material
requires permission of the holder of copyrights.The
study centre provides opportunities to find informa-
tion about various aspects of the history of media.
It holds readings on AV archiving and the use of AV
media for purposes of historical research, magazines,
guides, catalogues and various other documentations.
Recent educational developments consist of online
applications of parts of the archives at schools and
universities.
Most of the audio materials are held in the
Phonotheque. Of each newly released album, the
phonotheque acquires two copies, one of which is
for borrowing purposes. Each year, 11,000 disks are
added to the collection.The general public, as well as
broadcasters, have access to the vast collection with
the possibility to borrow almost any kind of song,
stock-music or sound-effect.The phonotheque also
intermediates in copyright issues between creators
and users.
Originating from the Museum of Broadcast,
Sound and Vision has a permanent exhibition with
about 20,000 objects displayed for the general public.
An important part is formed by artefacts that are
related to the history of radio and television in the
Netherlands.The focus, however, is shifting to a
more interactive environment, where AV-materials
create an atmosphere of nostalgia. At the moment, a
building is being constructed at the Mediapark to
house both the museum and the professional servi-
ces.This new home for Dutch audiovisual heritage
will be opened in 2005 (see model on page 23).
24
DigiCULT
SERVICES
INTERNATIONAL
A
ctivities of Sound and Vision are not limited
to the country's borders. The institute is
presently a board member of the
International Federation of Television Archives
(FIAT-IFTA) and chairs its Committee on
Documentation. International cooperation occurs
mostly with European public broadcasters like the
BBC, RAI, ORF, SVT and SWT. It also takes part in
two workgroups of the European Broadcast Union
(EBU), where new digitisation standards for produc-
tion, broadcasting and archiving processes of radio
and television are being developed. Multi Media
Content Description Interface, or MPEG-7, is one of
the recent projects on standardisation and expectations
are high. Other international projects in which
Sound and Vision operates are AMICITIA
3
, ECHO
4
and PRESTO
5
. Most of the cooperation is focused
on development of metadata standards, automated
archiving systems and forms of digital preservation.
6
Participation in ECHO
ECHO is an acronym for European Chronicles On Line.The project
started in 2000 as part of the European Commission's `Fifth Framework'
series of projects.The goal of ECHO is to develop a universal software
infrastructure for support of digital AV-archives. Four national AV archi-
ves, as well as technical and academic organisations, participate in the
project.The archives are from Switzerland (Memoriav), France (Institut
National de l'Audiovisuel), Italy (Instituto di Luce) and The Netherlands
(Sound and Vision). Enhancing access to non-english archive materials
is the focus of the project. Access to such materials is often difficult,
although the conserved and disclosed materials are no less of importance
than the english ones. ECHO provides a forum for cooperation between
AV archives through standardised retrieval protocols. Selected material
will be accessible via a web interface. Images are easier identified with
advanced search methods and multi-lingual access. Automatic extraction
of annotations from the context uses a combination of speech indexing,
language interpretation and image recognition, which requires the con-
tent to be digitised for analysis. Before finishing the project in August
2002, the tasks of Sound and Vision involve formulation of user-
demands, designing a suitable corpus, assisting in the development of
metadata standards and coordination of the evaluations.