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concerning digital collections simultaneously.These issues can be divided into two fundamental
groups: 1) book presentation and 2) book enrichment. For example, decisions must be made to
ensure uniform presentation across the individual projects; such decisions resemble traditional edi-
torial decisions conforming the digital book to a uniform standard and pertain to the presentation
of the book on the Web. Book enrichment, however, involves going far beyond presenting a dig-
ital copy of the book on the Internet and involves creating multiple points of access for a variety
of metadata forms and allows for searching. In the future we would also like to provide indexing
features which will enable users to customize their research.
All of the projects involved in this
conference seek solutions at both levels.At the level of book presentation, then, each project makes
the decision to present its emblematica in a certain fashion. For example, UIUC uses a commer-
cial image database product, CONTENTdm, while the HAB presents a digital facsimile of the
book, whereby the user can turn each page, cover to cover. Each project has had to decide the
degree to which it will enrich the text, for example, to index the motto in Latin and in German,
to mark-up the text of the epigram, to provide book-level information such as publisher and place
and date of publication, and to offer descriptors for the images, to name but a few of the elements
which could provide searchable points of access to the digital book and to digital collections.These
decisions were often influenced by funding opportunities and by financial constraints incumbent
upon the individual projects and their home institutions.
Some of these issues are explained in
the papers presented here. Also some of these projects originated very early on, and have adapted
to the rapidly changing digital and Web environments.While each project is the result of local tal-
ents, practical issues, and financial support, the projects represented here have been engaged in dia-
logue with each other, some since their inception, and have tried conscientiously to collaborate
on evolving standards and to establish best practices for these sorts of digital undertakings.
In addition to determining how a project can establish search capabilities across its own cor-
pus of digitized emblem books, the projects represented here have taken active steps toward inte-
gration and have agreed on basic principles toward providing open standards which will facilitate
linking the projects in the future. Owing to the fact that emblem books are often not well cata-
logued, we are also hoping as our future goals to create registers of print and electronic emblem
books, so that users can become acquainted with both our physical and digital collections.
The participants in the UIUC-HAB conference and their associated projects were:
· Peter Boot,The Emblem Project Utrecht,The Netherlands,
· Hans Brandthorst, Mnemosyne Project,The Netherlands,
· David Graham, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, which hosts
Bill Barker's Alciato's Book of Emblems ,
· Wolfgang Harms, University of Munich, Past President,The International Society
for Emblem Studies
· Tom Kilton, UIUC, Digital Emblematica,
· Nuala Koetter, UIUC, Digital Emblematica,
· Andrea Opitz, HAB,Wolfenbüttel Emblematica Online - Entwicklung eines
Standards zur Erschließung von Emblembüchern im Internet,
· Dietmar Peil, University of Munich, Digitalisierung von ausgewählten Emblem-
büchern der frühen Neuzeit aus den Beständen der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek,
· Stephen Rawles, Glasgow University Emblem Website,
See the contribution by Peter
Boot in the present volume.
For background on the Illinois
project, see Marshall Billings,"Digital
Emblematica:The Scholarly Back-
ground of `Digital Emblematica' and
its New Direction," Florilegio De
Estudios Emblematicos.A Florilegium
of Studies in Emblematics, ed. Sagrario
López Poza (Proceedings of the 6th
International Conference of The
Society for Emblem Studies. A
Coruña, 2002). Ferrol: Sociedad de
Cultura Valle Inclán, 2004. ISBN 84-
See the contribution by Beth
Sandore in the present volume.
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