background image
46
while Johann Michael Dilherr's Heilig-Epistolischer Bericht (Nürnberg 1663) assumes a middle
position,
5
and finally the emblematically illustrated editions of Johann Arndt's popular religious
didactic work Vom Wahren Christentum, or On True Christianity, which was published with
emblematic illustrations some 50 years after Arndt's death and thus could then be placed at the
other end of the scale in the category of "books with emblems" or "emblematically illustrated
books."
6
For the Munich Emblem Database such differentiations have led to pragmatic consequences,
so that the "emblem books in the narrower sense" have been fully digitized as picture files from
the first to last page. In the case of "books with emblems," in addition to title information and
pertinent indices, only the pages containing emblems and those text passages which are relevant
to understanding the emblems have been taken into account. In both cases para-textual emblems
are also included, that is, any emblematic publisher's or printer's devices on the titlepage or in the
colophon and the emblematic titlepages, which may also reappear in the actual text and thereby
lose their para-textual status.
7
E
ntries in the VD17 (Index of German Imprints of the Seventeenth Century
*
) show that the
generic-concept "emblem book" still remains to be adequately defined. Certainly, one must
concede the possibility of polyvalence within the concept of genre, but this possibility should be
used only in a limited fashion. A pair of examples illustrates this point.The Jesuits of Cologne
celebrated the wedding of the Bavarian Elector Max Emanuel to Maria Antonia of Austria with
the publication of a thin Festschrift, which presents various texts and ten complexly structured
engravings with unambiguously emblematic elements (see also below).
8
Under the rubric of
"Gattung/Fach" (genre) the VD17 lists this text as: "Ordensliteratur: Jesuiten - Gelegenheits-
schrift: Hochzeit - Gedichtsammlung" (Literature of a Holy Order: Jesuit - Occasional Work:
Wedding - Poetry Collection).Thus, the title would not be found by a search under the generic
concept "Emblem Book" in the VD17. On the other hand, the 1640 publication for the jubilee
of the Cologne Dreikönigsgymnasium entitled Annus secularis Societatis Jesu Adumbratus Ex Anno
Temporali A Gymnasio Tricoronato Ubiorum is identified as "Gelegenheitsschrift: Jubiläum -
Schulschrift - Ordensliteratur: Jesuiten - Emblembuch" (Occasional Work: Jubilee - School Pub-
lication - Literature of a Holy Order: Jesuit - Emblem Book) even though its more than 350 pages
contain only five emblematic copper plates.
9
Johann Michael Dilherr's Augen- und Hertzens-Lust is an emblematically illustrated collection
of sermon outlines: "Jn welcher zu finden Erstlich / der Inhalt der Evangelien; Zum Andern /
die fürnehmste darinnen enthaltene Lehren; Zum Dritten / ein darauf gerichtetes Gebethlein;
Zum Vierdten / ein Lied / so auf das Evangelium /und auf das Emblema oder Sinnbild /
gerichtet"
10
(In which first is to be found the content of the Gospel; second, the most valuable
teachings contained therein; third, a brief prayer on the theme of the Gospel; fourth, a song
according to the Gospel and the Emblem or Sinnbild; Nürnberg 1661).
11
This book is listed in
the VD 17 exclusively under the genre "Emblem Book," while Heinrich Engelgrave's similarly
emblematically illustrated sermon collection Lux Evangelica is only listed as "Ordensliteratur:
Jesuiten" (Literature of a Holy Order: Jesuit).
12
I
t would go beyond the limits of this paper to attempt a thorough discussion of the question
of what form the interaction of text and image in a given emblem must take in order to be
included in an emblem database, however, a few observations can be made on this point. The
handbook Emblemata of Henkel and Schöne which, in its turn, patterns itself after Picinelli's
Mundus symbolicus offers a methodological model for modern emblematic databases.
13
Its metho-
dology poses the question whether an emblem database should deal with emblem books in the
*
See note 4.
5
See footnote 4, Landwehr (1972),
no. 228;VD 17, 23:269038A. For
Dilherr's emblem books see James
Wietfeldt, The Emblem Literature of
Johann Michael Dilherr, diss., U of Illi-
nois at Urbana-Champaign, 1974
(Nürnberg: Stadtarchiv 1975); see
also Dietmar Peil, Zur "angewandten
Emblematik" in protestantischen Erbau-
ungsbüchern. Dilherr - Arndt - Francisci
- Scriver (Heidelberg:Winter 1978)
9-45.
6
For the emblems in Arndt's book,
see Elke Müller-Mees,"Die Rolle
der Emblematik im Erbauungsbuch,"
diss., University of Köln, 1974; see
also note 5 Peil (1978), 46-62; and
for the different illustrated editions,
see Dietmar Peil,"Zur Illustrations-
geschichte von Johann Arndts `Vom
wahren Christentum.' Mit einer Bib-
liographie," Archiv zur Geschichte des
Buchwesens 18 (1977): 963-1066.
Many editions mentioned by Land-
wehr (see footnote 4, 1972, no. 44-
118) are not illustrated, thus we
cannot really rely on the so-called
bibliographies of emblem books.
7
For example, most of the emblems
on the frontispiece of Giovanni
Ferro, Teatro d'Imprese (Venice: G.
Sarzina 1623) part 2, are explained
in the text.
8
Paul Aler, Foedus leonis et aquilae
(Köln: P.W. v. Alstorff, 1685); see also
footnote 4, Landwehr (1972), no.
198;VD 17, 12:128578K.
9
See footnote 4, Landwehr (1972),
no. 35;VD 17, 12:116479Z.
10
Johann Michael Dilherr, Augen
und Hertzens-Lust (Nürnberg: Endter,
1661) titlepage.
11
See footnote 4, Landwehr (1972)
no. 227; and VD 17, 23:269030Q;
SinnBilderWelten. Emblematische Medi-
en in der Frühen Neuzeit. Katalog der
Ausstellung in der Bayerischen
Staatsbibliothek München, ed.Wolf-
gang Harms, Gilbert Heß, Dietmar
Peil, Jürgen Donien (Neustadt a. d.
Aisch: Schmidt, 1999) no. 19.
12
See footnote 4, VD 17, 12:
106334B. For the different editions
which appeared in Cologne, see
Landwehr (1972), no. 266-267.
13
Picinelli's emblem encyclopedia
was first published in Milan 1653. In
1681 Augustinus Erath translated the
work into Latin, enlarged it and
chose other illustrations; see Mario
Praz, Studies in Seventeenth-Century
Imagery. 2nd ed. (Rome: Ed. di Storia
e Letteratura, 1964); see also John
Landwehr, French, Italian, Spanish and
Portugese Books of Devices and Emblems
1534-1827.A Bibliography (Utrecht:
Dekker & Gumbrecht, 1976) no.
592-601; see footnote 10, SinnBilder-
Welten (1999) no. 51.The Erath edi-
tion has been reprinted in New York
(1976) and Hildesheim: Olms 1979
(with an important introduction by
Dietrich Donat).
DC_Emblemsbook_180204 19.02.2004 11:25 Uhr Seite 46