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issues of book conservation.Thus, for preservation reasons, it seemed inadvisable for us to include
emblem books in our database which are already, at least partially, available to scholarship through
Henkel and Schöne, or which are available as reprints or through other projects (for example,
emblem books by Alciato and Paradin). For these reasons our text corpus is open to the accusa-
tion that it is not representative of the Munich collection - which ultimately also contributed to
the failure to gain extended funding.Therefore, in the event of possible future funding which
deprioritizes the conservationist aspect, I would advocate the inclusion of titles which have already
been reprinted, such as the Symbola of Typotius and the Symbolographia of Boschius,
that is, cases
where the reprint offers no more accessibility to emblem researchers beyond the original index-
es. For example,Typotius lacks an index of image motifs and Boschius is missing an index of mot-
Emblem research can complain about similar lacunae in the often reprinted Thesaurus
Philo-Politicus by Meisner and Kieser, since later reprints offer an index of places, but no index of
emblematic motifs and mottos. The influence of this relatively early work should not be under-
estimated and this volume should be included in a German emblem database.
Rather than devote further discussion summarizing the input of data and the search mask of
the Munich Emblem Database as a whole - Thorsten Löffler has already presented the most
important elements in La Coruña, I would like to concentrate on a single point. My central ques-
tion is no longer: How much data does a person need? But rather: How much meaning does a
person need? Or, more simply: Man and meaning! It is completely understandable that a given
recipient of an emblem would like to know what meaning hides behind the ensemble of text and
image.As a rule the subscriptio makes it possible to solve the putative riddle,
and often the motto
alone reveals the meaning of the image. If Amor's arrows bounce off the shield of Minerva, and
Gilles Corrozet gives it the motto: "Chasteté vainc Cupido" (chastity conquers cupid), then it
requires no further commentary, especially since Corrozet's verses remain on the mythological
level and in no way clarifies that Pallas/Minerva is to be seen as chastity in this emblem. If, as
given in Henkel and Schöne the marginalia "Keuschheit" (chastity) is supposed to indicate the
complete meaning of the emblem and in the index of meanings only the keyword "Keuschheit"
then it must be said that this definition constitutes an abbreviated meaning. Similar
reservations could probably be expressed concerning Picinelli's marginalia and corresponding
index entries. Henkel and Schöne provide Rollenhagen's pelican emblem with the marginali
"Fürsorge des Fürsten" (the prince's caring), which corresponds completely to the distich.
the pictura, however, which is not reproduced in Henkel and Schöne, the crucified Christ, whose
bloodstreams are caught by people standing under the cross, can be seen in the background, while
a pelican nests on the cross (ill. 1).
See footnote 13, Praz (1964) 283
(Boschius) and 518f. (Typotius); see
footnote 4, Landwehr (1972) no. 143
(Boschius) and 600-603 (Typotius).
Boschius provides an Index figu-
rarum et lemmatum, which is a combi-
nation of an index of image motifs
and mottos.
See footnote 13, Praz (1964),
417-420; see footnote 4, Landwehr
(1972) no. 426-433. For the special
structure of this collection of
emblems, see Dietmar Peil,
"Emblematik zwischen Memoria
und Geographie. Der Thesaurus Philo-
Politicus. Das ist: Politisches Schatz-
kästlein," Erkennen und Erinnern in
Kunst und Literatur, ed.Wolfgang
Frühwald, Dietmar Peil, Michael
Schilling, Peter Strohschneider
(Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1998)
Concerning this problem, see
Peter M. Daly,"Emblem und Enig-
ma. Erkennen und Verkennen im
Emblem," Erkennen und Erinnern
(1998), see footnote 24) 325-349.
See footnote 4, Henkel/Schöne
(1967) 1734 (with ill.) and 2049
See footnote 4, Henkel/Schöne
(1967) 811.
Illustration 1: Gabriel Rollenhagen, Selectorum
Emblematum centuria secunda... Arnhem: J. Janson, 1613,
emblem II, 20 (BSB: Res/4 L.eleg.m. 180).
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