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tiae," underscores the second component of the name of Mary.The database treats this plate as
four separate entries or individual emblems, respectively.The honorary title "Speculum iustititae"
is assigned as a motto for the central pictura, which shows Mary in a mirror behind a scale hold-
ing the Christchild. Almost the same image (without the scale) comprises the second individual
emblem with the motto "Speculum sine macula Dei maiestatis." One could, however, interpret
both individual emblems as a single emblem with a double motto.The sun is the third emblem
and it bears the motto "Sol iustitiae." At the same time, this is the only emblem on this plate to
which the Biblical quote from the letter to the Corinthians can not be applied as an epigram.
The fourth emblem makes up the lower part of the plate with the motto "Cuique suum." In this
case, the authentication and interpretation of the mottos is relatively simple, if one ignores the
problem of the doubled mottos in the upper mirror emblems. That the honorific, "Speculum
iustitiae," should be interpreted as a motto and not as a mere thematic heading is legitimated by
numerous examples from the field of applied emblematics, in which the pictorial motifs are taken
from the Lauretanian Litany and the corresponding invocation is employed as the only motto.
In Dorn's example all component images from the plate can be seen as individual emblems.
he following example from political emblematics demonstrates that it is possible to com-
bine emblematical and non-emblematical motifs in the same illustration. On the occasion
of Elector Max Emanuel's marriage to Maria Antonia of Austria, the Jesuits of Cologne published
the richly engraved and illustrated dedicatory text Foedus leonis et aquilae which was written by
Paul Aler.
The volume contains ten allegorical plates with interspersed emblems and thorough
Latin commentaries.The main idea of the text is to symbolize the marriage between the Elector
and the daughter of the Emperor as an alliance between the most powerful animals of the land
and air, the lion and the eagle, which are likewise the heraldic symbols of the Wittelsbach and the
Habsburg dynasties.The plate on page E 1 (ill. 11) praises the marriage as the union of Austrian
wisdom with Bavarian generosity ("FOEDUS SAPIENTIAE AUSTRIACAE, & GENEROSI-
See the examples in Cornelia
Kemp, Angewandte Emblematik in süd-
deutschen Barockkirchen (München and
Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 1981)
329-330 (Wallfahrtskirche Maria Hilf
in Amberg).
See footnote 11, SinnBilderWelten
(1999) no. 195; see also footnote 8,
Illustration 11: Paul Aler, Foedus leonis et aquilae,
Köln, P.W. v. Alstorff, 1685, folio E 1 recto (BSB:
Res/2 Bavar. 296 a).
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