background image
Mars and Athena dominate the image from the left and right borders, respectively; a battle is
depicted in the background.The eagle and lion stand next to one another in the clouds.Two
cherubs blow trumpets whose flags bear the corresponding inscriptions "CONSILIO ET IND-
VSTRIA," again proclaiming the wedding as an alliance. Still another pair of cherubs in the sky
present two emblems which explain the strengths of the eagle and lion. Under the motto
"LIBRAT ET EVOLAT" (It maintains balance and thus flies) the eagle defeats a heron (or a
stork).The motto "PAR ANIMO ROBUR" (Strength through courage) comments on the lion's
victory over the dragon.
The eagle and lion emblems can be understood as individual emblems without difficulty.The
database also sees the inscriptions on the cherubs' banners (CONSILIO ET INDVSTRIA) as
mottos of an emblem, in which, on the one hand, the eagle and lion, and, on the other, Athena
and Mars are interpreted as image motifs, even if it may be somewhat unconventional to see Mars
as a personification of industry. No emblematic motifs are ascribed to the various cherubs and
the battle in the background; the cupids take on something of a deictic function, inasmuch as they
present the individual emblems and the motto, respectively, and, thus, could be seen as emblem-
atic caryatids.
or the final problem to be addressed here - the question of the location of the mottos -
examples are taken from two works which are noteworthy for the varied structure of their
textual components.The volume Quinquagena Symbolorum heroica, in pręcipua capita et dogmata S.
Regulę Sanctissimi Monachorum Patris et Legislatoris Benedecti was published in 1741 in Augsburg.
In this text Chrysostomos Hanthaler, the librarian of the Lilienfeld Cistercian community, who
was also known as a numismatist, portrays the Order of St. Benedict in 50 emblems. Hanthaler
clearly structures the organization of the individual chapters which each occupy approximately
two pages. Following the number of the emblem, which Hanthaler identifies as a "symbolum," is
the general title which can be seen as a thematic designation. For the sixth emblem (ill. 12), the
title reads "Prodesse debet, quisquis praeest."
See footnote 13, Praz (1964) 363;
see also footnote 4, Landwehr (1972)
no. 331; footnote 37, Lechner (1977)
42-43; and footnote 11, SinnBilder-
Welten (1999) no. 42.
Illustration 12: Chrysostomus Hanthaler, Quinquagena
symbolorum heroica, Augsburg / Linz: F. A. Ilger, 1741, p.
11 (BSB: Res/2 L.eleg.m. 61).
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