background image
digital) which they either plan to digitize or are in the process of digitizing. International partic-
ipation would need to be organized among emblem collections in order to make this a useful
endeavor.
Another potential solution to address the issue of providing title-level access might have been
for each institution to contribute cataloging records to a bibliographic cataloging utility database,
such as OCLC. If a catalog record for an emblem book were contributed to a shared cataloging
database such as the OCLC database, then it would be discoverable to a broader audience of
scholars. However, there are some fundamental drawbacks associated with this straightforward
approach. Since emblem books are held in special collections, there is no guarantee that they will
have been cataloged, or that the catalog records for the emblem books would have been con-
tributed to any number of shared cataloging utilities, such as OCLC (Online Computer Library
Center).At the University of Illinois Library, for example, we found that very few of the Library's
approximately 70 German emblem books that are being digitized had MARC cataloging records
available in either the local public catalog or the OCLC Worldcat database.The definitive resource
for access to the University of Illinois Library's emblem collection is that compiled by McGeary
and Nash, and available only in print.
If they have not yet cataloged their books, libraries often make special collections such as
emblem books accessible through internally-developed finding lists that may contain only basic
bibliographic information about the book with shelf location information (unclassified), making
it difficult to determine the exact nature of the publication. Even if all the books were cataloged
in all the emblem collections, there are differences across the participating countries in the for-
mat and rules for cataloging, not to mention the fact that not all institutions may contribute cat-
aloging for these materials to bibliographic utilities like OCLC within or outside their country.
The overall challenge of making title-level information, not to mention the texts and images of
digitized emblem books accessible and uniformly searchable across institutions, is not neatly
Institution
Country
Metadata
scheme
URL
Memorial University
Newfoundland
Canada
MARC
http://www.mun.ca/alciato
Bayerische
Staatsbibliothek
Germany
SGML/TEI
http://www.bsb-muenchen.de/mdz/
dfgprojekte/muenchen_emblem.htm
Herzog August
Bibliothek
Germany
XML/TEI
http://www.hab.de/bibliothek/wdb/
barockdtd/index.htm
Mnemosyne/KB Netherlands
SGML/TEI
http://www.mnemosyne.org
University of Utrecht
Netherlands
XML/TEI
http://emblems.let.uu.nl/emblems/
html/index.html
University of Glasgow
Scotland
"Spine"
- native
http://www.ces.arts.gla.ac.uk/html/
spine.htm
University of La
Coruna
Spain
MARC
http://rosalia.dc.fi .udc.es/emblematica/
University of Illinois
USA
Dublin Core
Qual.
http://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/
emblems/
Table: Metadata schemes employed by selected Web-based
emblem collections.
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