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I
NDEXING
E
MBLEM
B
OOKS ON THE
I
NTERNET
-
THE
O
PPORTUNITIES OFFERED BY
TEI
Andrea Opitz
Wolfenbütteler Digitale Bibliothek, Herzog August Bibliothek,Wolfenbüttel, opitz@hab.de
Abstract:
This paper explores how TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) can be used to mark up a special
genre of Renaissance publication, the emblem book,which consists of both texts and images.
As part of a project at the Herzog August Bibliothek,Wolfenbüttel, for developing Docu-
ment Type Definitions (DTDs) for a range of Early Modern genres, we tested prototypical
practical solutions of structuring and indexing with TEI DTD in XML-format for emblem
books.The following paper presents our experience and results.
Keywords:
TEI, DTD, XML, emblem.
T
he demands on, and limits of, retrospective digitization of printed documents and their
computer-aided publication have been discussed with growing interest during recent
years.The fact that there are many isolated digitization projects - even in the field of
old books - raises questions about homogenous indexing standards.The most important topics
of this discussion are what is the most suitable form of indexing, what sort of metadata is appro-
priate, how do global and specialized search engines find documents on the Web, and how can
data about old books be administered, exchanged, and even presented in the best possible way.
By now, XML (Extended Markup Language) has been established as the markup language for
the Internet,
1
and TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) has gained acceptance as the de facto standard
for the humanities and social sciences.
2
The HAB uses both XML and TEI in their emblem dig-
itization project, and both of these standards create a basis for interoperability.Thus, in the future
it should be possible for TEI-based digital collections with similar content to be combined, not
only on the bibliographical level, but also on the level of content.
This paper describes to what extent TEI is suitable for electronically indexing old books, espe-
cially emblem books.This report is based on the experience gathered from the HAB's digitiza-
tion project, "Document Type Definitions zur Erschließung barocktypischer Gattungen im
Internet"(Document Type Definitions for the presentation and retrieval of early modern genres
via the internet).
3
In this project, which was funded by the German Research Foundation, the HAB tried to
develop document type definitions (DTDs) accessible via the Internet for five genres character-
istic of the seventeenth century, including emblem books.
4
Beyond the author/title and subject
approach which can be found in every online-catalogue, we tried to encode the structure of these
genres so as to create a terminological and structural basis for their web-based digital publication.
Wh a t i s t h e T E I ?
TEI is short for Text Encoding Initiative.The TEI was founded in 1987 to develop guidelines
for encoding machine-readable texts in the humanities and social sciences.The TEI is organized
1
http://www.w3.org/XML.
2
http://www.tei-c.org/.
3
See http://www.hab.de/biblio
thek/wdb/barockdtd/index.htm.
4
http://www.dfg.de/.
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