background image
as: does the normalisation process lose
information and prevent this? How should
these new output objects be handled?
he XENA tool has been designed
to apply to the workflow model
applicable in the National
Archives of Australia.The Open Source
nature of the tool will allow it to be
extended to apply to broadening situa-
tions and allow a variety of developers to
address specific issues of concern to them.
Among the steps being taken to preserve
our cultural heritage, XENA and its deve-
lopment principles form an addition that
should not be overlooked.
quantities of files are to be manipulated.
However, a command line interface
(which would be useful when developing
and testing a streamlined workflow script
combining several procedures of ingest)
was not available.
o make the best use of a preser-
vation tool, an export facility
may be required. Although
XENA is not strictly intended for use as a
migration tool, it is likely that a user will
expect to use stored content outside the
program. For example, users may want to
include archived images within reports
and newspaper articles. An export facility
is required to enable this.The output for-
mats selected could be open standards.
However, this raises more questions, such
his loose specification will allow
multiple versions of an object to
be stored in a single structure,
allowing each applicable preservation
metadata record to accompany the appro-
priate version of the object. Packaging the
preservation metadata together with the
object will increase the usage that can be
obtained from this metadata information.
However, storing all of the metadata for
an object, such as bibliographic metadata
allowing resource discovery, also has disad-
vantages. For example, searching would be
inefficient due to the presence of large
content data fields.
t is possible to use the tool to batch
process files.This is an important
addition in a situation where large
The DigiCULT Forum maintains a data-
base of up-to-date events within the cul-
tural heritage sector (http://www. Some sig-
nificant events for the future include:
Workshop: European Cultural
Heritage: RTD Challenges Ahead
Dates: May 28, 2004
Venue: Congress Centre Graz, Austria
Jointly organized by the Austrian Ministry
of Transport, Innovation and Technology
boration with the European Commission's
IST Programme.The workshop will bring
together international expertise in content
technologies for cultural heritage to better
understand the role of cultural institutions
and leading edge technology.The works-
hop intends to map the ground for the
next stage of structures for an effective
sharing of resources, the development of
new services, enriched interactive envi-
ronments, and possible contributions in
the support of community memory.
Departing from an overview of current
international developments, building
blocks of a future research agenda shall be
highlighted.Two separate Work panels will
address `Preservation and Integration' and
`Knowledge and Presentation'. For further
information please visit our website Participants are
asked to register on the website.
DRH2004, Digital Resources for
the Humanities
Dates: 5-8 September 2004
Venue: University of Newcastle, UK
Themes for 2004 include: methods in hu-
manities computing; cross-sector exchange
between heritage, national and local gov-
ernment, and education bodies; broadening
the humanities computing base; and new
forms of scholarly publication.
More information can be found at
The DigiCULT Resources database
hp) also continues to grow and now has a
Search facility. Some valuable resources
which deserve further dissemination are
introduced below.
Several very useful papers have been rele-
ased on the EDNER (Formative
Evaluation of the Information
Environment) site representing key
issues.These papers are intended to
distil formative evaluation questions on
topics that are central to the develop-
ment of the UK's higher and further
education Information Environment.
They are presented as short check-lists
of key questions and are addressed at
developers and practitioners.This
resource, recently added to
DigiCULT's database, can be found at:
Another excellent resource is the
Tutorial on Digital Preservation
Management, which is free to access at:
PRONOM is a database that holds
information on technical dependencies
that affect access to electronic records.
It was developed as a support tool by
the UK National Archives who are
now hoping that PRONOM can bene-
fit the wider digital preservation com -
munity. PRONOM is available from:
pronom/ and feedback on the tool
can be sent to