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Technical Protection of Library Materials. We
had problems with damaged daily newspa-
pers from the beginning of the twentieth
century, which were frequently sought by
users.The project includes microfilming and
digitising these old newspapers, Politika and
Pravda.The number of scanned pages is now
about 23,000.The pages are scanned at 300
dpi and are migrated onto DVDs from time
to time, meaning that our users can read
these digital documents while we are still
researching software for Web access.The
problems encountered were largely due to
the Cyrillic alphabet and the poor condition
of analogue material.
The Retrospective Conversion Project resul-
ted in a digitised Printed Catalogue of Books
on Languages of Yugoslav Nations and
Nationalities from 1868 to 1972.Volumes are
scanned, available on the Web as images and
searchable from the Web page:
For one private research project (on wars in
Yugoslavia in the 1990s), several thousands
of pages from the daily newspaper Politika
between 1990 and 1995 were scanned, after
careful selection of articles about the
destruction of Yugoslavia.This digital mate-
rial is currently held on compact disks, awai-
ting a software solution for Web access.
We are participating in two international
digitisation projects: first the International
Children's Digital Library Project (ICDL, for which we
have already digitised 80 of 100 children's
books; secondly, the Million Book Project
p?collection=millionbooks) for which we
are selecting the books to present in this
world digital library.
The National Library of Serbia strongly sup-
ported the idea of constituting the National
Centre for Digitisation in Serbia
( from the
The Lund Action Programme and the
Dutch presidency in 2004
The Netherlands is participating in the EU
Lund Action Programme, managed by
Minerva.The Dutch government has actively
adopted and adapted the Benchmarking
Framework to identify good practice, to
monitor progress and to assess the effective-
ness of its recently formulated digitisation
policy. In a draft `Position Paper on EU
Added Value and Post Lund Strategy' the
Dutch National Representative outlined its
vision of a `Digital Continuum of European
Cultural Heritage', an area of interconnected
digital resources. Questions of interoperabili-
ty, quality and permanence (durability and
preservation) are central to this vision.
During its EU presidency in the second half
of 2004, preceding the meeting of the
National Representatives Group, a conference
focusing on these issues will be held at The
The Polish Internet Library
(, established in
December 2002, has increased its collection
of digitised items from the recently reported
260 to over 9000 items! A list of currently
available titles can be accessed from the
The Polish Ministry of Culture has joined
the MINERVA project. Brief reports about
digitisation in Poland were presented at the
MINERVA meeting in Parma along with
other NRG reports. Participation in this
important programme should help to co-
ordinate digitisation in Poland, especially in
co-operation within the European network.
Museum of Computer Technology
21 January saw the opening of the first Polish
museum of computer technology at
Komputer Expo 2004. MBM Ontrack, the
organisers of the museum, collected over 100
unique computer hard disks and other pieces
of memory. Among the most interesting
objects were ferrite memory from 1970 and
punched cards from 1978 for the IBM
S/360, Polish Odra and Russian RIAD JS-
R32 main frame computers, Hungarian 8-
inch diskettes, and magnetic tapes.There are
also some unique disks: one weighing 32
kilos built with nine 15-inch plates, and a
34-year-old IBM 391X disk with 60 MB
All the resources have been collected since
October 2003 and come from a variety of
sources.The museum is located in Katowice,
an urban district of Poland, at the headquar-
ters of MBM Ontrack, a company that offers
data recovery services,
Digitisation in the National Library of
The National Library of Serbia took its first
steps in the field of digitisation a few years
ago, and aimed to build a Digital National
Library of Serbia, a virtual institution parallel
to the physical one the true library without
walls.We are now getting a little closer to
this idea and have a huge number of scanned
pages, a few international project collabora-
tions, and the special Department of Digital
Library which is dedicated to taking care of
digitisation from paper to the digital collec-
For the first time, in 2002 we started to digi-
tise systematically for our own project
33Information from Tamara Butigan-Vucaj, Department
of Digital Library, National Library of Serbia, Belgrade.