background image
naturally means that there may be a risk of
duplicated effort at an institutional level, so
we began a networking initiative to cover
e-science, digital libraries, and repositor-
ies. It was clear that collaboration was nec-
essary to best tackle these issues and several
proposals were formulated in August 2003,
focusing on different areas such as digital
theses, middleware, a document repository, a
broader repository.
he Australian Partnership for
Sustainable Resources (APSR,, modelled on
the Australian Partnership for Advanced
Computing (, is
a partnership between the National Library
of Australia (, the
Universities of Sydney (http://www.usyd. and Queensland (http://www., and the Australian National
University APSR
is funded for three years (2004-2007) and
over this period will address sustainability
issues such as file formats and standards. The
role of the Australian National University
(ANU) within this partnership is to run
a DSpace ( test-
bed project, which will identify issues at the
consortium level that will then be tested at
university level.
y own background is in compu-
ter science with a focus on teach-
ing and learning technologies. DSpace was
chosen for several reasons: first, an Open
Source solution was a requirement there
was simply not enough money to develop
a bespoke technology; secondly, DSpace is
particularly appropriate to our needs and,
finally, I personally understood this tech-
nology and was satisfied that it was the best
solution. We are implementing this DSpace
prototype partly as a learning exercise.
equirements of the APSR system
were garnered from teaching and
research groups on campus, meaning that
it is user- rather than document-centric.
It was also important to reflect the differ-
ent needs of different user groups across
campus; for instance, the School of Music
may need resources to be made available in
various formats, including audio, and Art
History has image collections. It must be
borne in mind, however, that many of the
valuable learning resources held in universi-
ties are not yet digitised the accessibility
of high-quality learning collections through
DSpace may well drive the digitisation of
other collections in the long term.
e developed a strategy to accom-
modate all of the needs of users at
an institutional level, which will be put into
practice at ANU as a precursor to APSR,
developing and providing the framework to
share this work with other institutions. Our
long-term plan is to provide the facility to
run a federated search across all resourc-
es held across all geographical locations. In
order to achieve this ideal, it will be neces-
sary to resolve the tensions between what
can be achieved institutionally and gener-
alising this model for national access. It is
very important to us that the materials are
openly accessible to all, not just research-
ers at ANU and making research materi-
als open and available has been our guiding
theme throughout the project.
n terms of implementing this solution
we had to tackle the dilemma of iden-
tifying and breaking down specific yearly
tasks and goals, on a year-by-year basis. The
current ePrints service at ANU is relatively
well known. We will maintain this resource,
but implemented through DSpace. We have
already tried transferring the material into
the new system and it is working with-
out error in a test environment. We hope
to use the DSpace platform to enable us to
converge earlier services. Whilst we have
already achieved this with ePrints, there is
still much work to be done to fulfil our
aims for the long term.
ore information about APSR and
its aims can be found from our Web
site at

47 This approach is covered by solutions such as ePrints.
, A
& I
, U
he Eighth International Conference
of the International Society for
Knowledge Organization took place on
13-16 July 2004, at University College
London. The Conference was hosted by the
School of Library, Archive & Information
Studies (, and
its theme this year was `Knowledge organi-
sation and the global information society'.
Over 100 delegates from Europe, North
America, Africa and Asia gathered to listen
to approximately 60 papers on a variety of
knowledge organisation themes.
he keynote address was given by
Clifford Lynch, Director of the
Coalition for Networked Information
(, who gave a com-
pelling speech on a range of topics related
to knowledge organisation in a techno-
logical environment to an enthusiastic and
appreciative audience.
he main conference programme was
divided into a number of themes,
including theoretical foundations of knowl-
edge organisation, linguistic and cultur-
al approaches, artificial intelligence and
knowledge representation, and applications
of knowledge organisation. Individual ses-
sions also dealt with knowledge organi-
sation of non-textual media, problems of
specific subject fields, the use of thesauri,
and recent developments in the large sys-
tems of classification.