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articipants also gave presentations on
their own projects, which displayed
the rich array of activities currently under
way in CEE countries and increased the
sense of urgency for access to skills deve-
lopment such as this.
he lectures, seminars and practical
sessions were enriched by visits to
two manuscript repositories. Professor
Trendafil Krastanov introduced students
to the Church Archives (Sofia) and to
the issues that would be raised in their
digitisation. Dr Elisaveta Mousakova,
Head of the Manuscript Department
of the National Library `St Cyril and
St Methodius', and her colleague, Elena
Uzunova, offered course participants the
opportunity to examine the mediaeval
manuscripts in their care.
arlier courses have not only
improved the skills of heri-
tage professionals in CEE coun-
tries, but have also created an
environment that leads the par-
ticipants to collaborate on joint
projects. Past courses provided
an environment to foster the
co-operation of specialists from
Lithuania, USA, Italy and
Armenia. Collaboration of this
kind should be encouraged in
the CEE region.Together with
proper training and education of
scholars, opportunities are created for the
unique `voices' of the different cultures
from this part of Europe to make them-
selves heard online in the global informa-
tion space and to enable us to illustrate
the rich cultural heritage of the region.
e hope that the School contribu-
ted to the cause and will boost
future activities and also that funding for
more skills and knowledge development
courses of this kind will be possible.
hose who would like to find out
more about this Summer School are
invited to visit:
Milena Dobreva, e-mail:
local and culturally specific materials for
their adequate presentation. As a result, it
provided not only the state-of-the-art of
Western practice, but also the required
reference to help understand region-speci-
fic challenges and strategies and approa-
ches to meeting them.
Modules included:
- an introductory module that outlined
the basic framework for the selection,
creation, representation, management
and presentation of cultural heritage
information online (Seamus Ross and
Mike Black, Glasgow);
- computer encoding and transcription of
manuscript texts, based on the experience
of the EC-funded MASTER project and the
Netværk til elektronisk behandling af
nordiske middelalder-håndskrifter
(Matthew Driscoll, Copenhagen);
- building corpora (Lou Burnard,
- methods and techniques for the digital
representation of cultural heritage
( Michael Mac an Airchinnigh, Dublin);
- methods for building Internet portals
for cultural heritage (Konstantinos
Chandrinos, Athens);
- issues associated with localisation, stan
darisation and non-Latin alphabets
addressed by a number of lecturers
including Michael Everson (Dublin),
Ivan Derzhanski (Sofia), and David
Birnbaum (Pittsburgh).
pretations for standards. Materials in CEE
countries pose special problems and
require that standards be placed in more
local contexts.
- The difficulty of presenting local cultural
heritage to a wide audience. In the past
the local material used to be chiefly of
interest to specialists.The possibility of
presenting local material online poten-
tially enables us to reach new audiences.
This requires including proper explana-
tory materials so that the interest of this
expanded and diverse audience can be
- The necessity to involve specialised pro-
fessionals in such endeavours and to
train library staff who have little
specialised skill.
he European Summer
School on `Electronic
Publications for Cultural
Heritage Studies', held at the
Institute of Mathematics and
Informatics, Bulgarian
Academy of Sciences, brought
together 35 young professionals
working in cultural heritage
institutions and universities in
Armenia, Bulgaria, Georgia,
Lithuania, Poland, Romania,
Russia,Turkey, Ukraine, the
United Kingdom, and former
Yugoslavia. Participants en-
riched their knowledge about the applica-
tion of new information technologies in
the presentation of cultural heritage.The
High Level Scientific Conference pro-
gramme of the European Commission
and the Agency for Development of
Information and Communication Tech-
nologies under the Ministry of Transport
of Bulgaria provided the funding to make
the Summer School possible.
he Summer School was based on a
series of modules delivered by lectu-
rers from Bulgaria, Denmark, Greece,
Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the
United States.The scope of the School
covered the general basics of the manage-
ment of online cultural information and
shed light on the question of handling
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